Finland on the coast of the Arctic Ocean

Pechenga (Petsamo in finnish) was a part of Finland from 1920 to 1944. In that short but intense period of time, many financial and cultural changes took place in that area. The history of Petsamo is an intriguing and significant part of the history of independent Finland.

The era between the two World Wars was an era of heated construction, intense entrepreneurship, success and failure. Petsamo had high birthrates, and it was an exceptionally attractive migration area across the whole Finland. The population was attracted by new employers in the tourism and mining industry, as well as organised open ocean fishing.

Prompt shifting of social conditions was typical for Pechenga. There were a few large industrial companies in Pechenga, such as markets, fishing factories, brick factory, nickel mine of Kolosjoki and the harbor of Liinahamari. Furthermore the rising standard of living brought special boutiques and cafés to the area. All this happened alongside to heavy habitation, building construction and clearing of farms. Petsamo didn’t want to be left behind by the rest of Finland.

Special features of the Pechenga area were, among others, natural conditions and the proximity of international borders. The sea and vast changes of seasons set the pace of industrial activity and lives of inhabitants of the area. For the residents of Pechenga, simultaneity and seasonality of different livelihoods was essential. In the springtime and fall, focus was on fishing, whereas it was on farming in the summer and reindeer herding and other jobs in the winter.

In addition to being a pride of its time, 531 km long the great Arctic Ocean Highway leading to Pechenga was financially and politically significant, because Liinahamari was the only port in Finland that didn’t freeze during winter time. The highway also became a tourist attraction.

The new Petsamo-exhibition not only displays different sources of livelihood in the area, but the vivid cultural life. Exhibition combines natural environment, fishing and other sources of livelihood with cultural diversity. The archive materials, photos and artefacts are from the collection of the Regional Museum of Lapland.


Finland on the coast of the Arctic Ocean

History of Pechenga (1920-1944).

Northern Ways

What is life like in the world’s northernmost regions?

Arctic Seasons

Experience the Arctic Seasons film, taking you on a journey through the shifting seasons of the Arctic.


Mapped Beauty

Exhibition of old maps: Glory with a death on your heels


Life and Death from the Late Iron Age to the Middle Ages

Special Exhibition at the Lapland Provincial Museum at Arktikum



Arctic Opposites

Renewed Arktikum Science Centre permanent exhibition opening in December 2024

6.12.2024 -

Adults 11 € (norm. 18€)
Seniors, unemployed, students 7 € (norm. 11€)
Children (7-15 years) 3 € (norm. 5€)
Children under 7 years free of charge
Admission to temporary exhibitions 3 € (norm. 6€)

Family ticket 24 € (norm. 40€)

Price includes entry for 2 adults + 2 children aged 7-15 years + children under 7 years.

Groups and touroperators

Groups and touroperators kindly contact sales(a)

Museum Card 79,00 €

The Museum Card allows you entry into more than 370 museums throughout Finland; valid for one year beginning on date of first use.

Culture Pass

Adults 25 €
Seniors, unemployed, students 20 €
Children (7-15 yrs.) 10 €
Family 55€ (2 adults + 2 children 7-15 yrs. OR 1 adult + 3 children 7-15 yrs.)
Children under 7years free or charge

Culture Pass is your ticket to three of Rovaniemi’s premier cultural attractions. Experience northern nature, art, history and phenomena in many exciting ways:

Korundi House of Culture
Discover new and daring northern perspectives through contemporary art.

Arktikum Science Centre and Museum
Your introduction to life in the north: Arctic issues and the history and culture of Lapland.

Science Centre Pilke
Explore northern forests, the sustainable use of wood and the possibilities of bioeconomy by doing and experiencing.

Culture Pass is personal and valid for 7 days – visit the three attractions as many times as you like. Welcome to the north!

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