Pechenga (Petsamo in finnish) was a part of Finland from 1920 to 1944. In that short but intense period of time, many financial and cultural changes took place in that area. The history of Petsamo is an intriguing and significant part of the history of independent Finland.
The era between the two World Wars was an era of heated construction, intense entrepreneurship, success and failure. Petsamo had high birthrates, and it was an exceptionally attractive migration area across the whole Finland. The population was attracted by new employers in the tourism and mining industry, as well as organised open ocean fishing.
Prompt shifting of social conditions was typical for Pechenga. There were a few large industrial companies in Pechenga, such as markets, fishing factories, brick factory, nickel mine of Kolosjoki and the harbor of Liinahamari. Furthermore the rising standard of living brought special boutiques and cafés to the area. All this happened alongside to heavy habitation, building construction and clearing of farms. Petsamo didn’t want to be left behind by the rest of Finland.
Special features of the Pechenga area were, among others, natural conditions and the proximity of international borders. The sea and vast changes of seasons set the pace of industrial activity and lives of inhabitants of the area. For the residents of Pechenga, simultaneity and seasonality of different livelihoods was essential. In the springtime and fall, focus was on fishing, whereas it was on farming in the summer and reindeer herding and other jobs in the winter.
In addition to being a pride of its time, 531 km long the great Arctic Ocean Highway leading to Pechenga was financially and politically significant, because Liinahamari was the only port in Finland that didn’t freeze during winter time. The highway also became a tourist attraction.
The new Petsamo-exhibition not only displays different sources of livelihood in the area, but the vivid cultural life. Exhibition combines natural environment, fishing and other sources of livelihood with cultural diversity. The archive materials, photos and artefacts are from the collection of the Regional Museum of Lapland.
Production: The Regional Museum of Lapland
The Regional Museum of Lapland
ARKTIKUM Pohjoisranta 4 FI-96200 Rovaniemi
Renewed permanent exhibition by the Regional Museum of Lapland about the history of Pechenga (1920-1944)
Everyday life and stories of the Arctic.
What is life like in the world’s northernmost regions?
Video presentation of the changing seasons in the north.
Price includes entry for 2 adults + 2 children aged 7-15 years + children under 7 years.
The Museum Card allows you entry into more than 300 museums throughout Finland; valid for one year beginning on date of first use.
Adults 20 € (norm. 29€)
Seniors, unemployed, students 15 € (norm. 21€)
Children (7-15 yrs.) 10 € (norm. 16€)
Family (2 adults + 2 children 7-15 yrs. OR 1 adult + 3 children 7-15 yrs.) 50€ (norm.70€)
Children under 7years free or charge
Culture Pass is your ticket to three of Rovaniemi’s premier cultural attractions. Experience northern nature, art, history and phenomena in many exciting ways:
Korundi House of Culture
Discover new and daring northern perspectives through contemporary art.
Arktikum Science Centre and Museum
Your introduction to life in the north: Arctic issues and the history and culture of Lapland.
Science Centre Pilke
Explore northern forests, the sustainable use of wood and the possibilities of bioeconomy by doing and experiencing.
Culture Pass is personal and valid for 7 days – visit the three attractions as many times as you like. Welcome to the north!