“The Winter War started first. The pea soup was ready in the school kitchen and we’d just lifted the pot on the table to begin the meal when the door was yanked open.
There was a young soldier there who shouted that everyone has to go home and get ready to leave. Two hours time for it. And the soldiers came and then they burned the houses and the school when we’d left. The pea soup burned along with it.”
- Salli, born 1926
After the Winter War in 1940, Finland had to cede to the Soviet Union the Karelian Isthmus in the south-east and parts of Salla and Kuusamo in the north. A few years later, when the Continuation War ended in 1944, Petsamo was also lost and Salla had to be ceded again. Known as Kuolajärvi at the time, the old part of Salla was now finally left behind the border and some 3,700 people had to leave their homes. Nine villages were left on the other side of the new eastern border, Sallansuu —the main village community, the Sallatunturi fjelds, and waters teeming with fish
The people of Kuolajärvi had had to leave their homes and evacuate already in 1939, when the Winter War broke out. There were hopes of returning home, but as the war continued life near the border became dangerous and the local inhabitants were re-evacuated in 1944. The area of scenic beauty that was ceded to the Soviet Union and its memories lived on in the minds of the evacuees. The Finnish-German Lapland War of 1944 – 1945, the destruction that it caused and the severe terms of peace with the Soviet Union finally crushed the evacuees’ hopes of returning to their original homes.
The evacuees from Kuolajärvi had to start their lives afresh in new localities. The part of the municipality that remained on the Finnish side of the border was rebuilt and Märkäjärvi, known at present as Salla, became its new main community. The ceded area of Old Salla is for the most part uninhabited wilderness.
Jaana Ahola, with family roots in Kuolajärvi, has photographed the evacuees of the region and their descendants for the exhibition From Kuolajärvi to Salla. As a portrait photographer, she wants to present real people just as they are. Along with the photographs, the exhibition includes stories transcribed from interviews by Erkki Yrjänheikki. There are also cooking recipes that are reminders of the old way of life and are still in use in Salla. The photographs for the exhibition were mostly taken in 2019. The subjects are residents of Salla and Muonio who have close ties with ceded Kuolajärvi.
The exhibition tells how the culture of Old Salla, or the part of Kuolajärvi that remained beyond the Finnish-Russian border, has survived to the present day—and how history lives on in the people of the Salla region. The exhibition of photographs has been prepared in association with the Regional Museum of Lapland.
Photo caption: Both of Hilla-Inkeri’s parents have roots in Kuolajärvi ©Jaana Ahola
Renewed permanent exhibition by the Regional Museum of Lapland about the history of Pechenga (1920-1944)
Everyday life and stories of the Arctic.
What is life like in the world’s northernmost regions?
Video presentation of the changing seasons in the north.
Price includes entry for 2 adults + 2 children aged 7-15 years OR
for 1 adult + 3 children aged 7-15 years
+ children under 7 years.
The Museum Card allows you entry into more than 300 museums throughout Finland; valid for one year beginning on date of first use.
Adults 20 € (norm. 29€)
Seniors, unemployed, students 15 € (norm. 21€)
Children (7-15 yrs.) 10 € (norm. 16€)
Family (2 adults + 2 children 7-15 yrs. OR 1 adult + 3 children 7-15 yrs.) 50€ (norm.70€)
Children under 7years free or charge
Culture Pass is your ticket to three of Rovaniemi’s premier cultural attractions. Experience northern nature, art, history and phenomena in many exciting ways:
Korundi House of Culture
Discover new and daring northern perspectives through contemporary art.
Arktikum Science Centre and Museum
Your introduction to life in the north: Arctic issues and the history and culture of Lapland.
Science Centre Pilke
Explore northern forests, the sustainable use of wood and the possibilities of bioeconomy by doing and experiencing.
Culture Pass is personal and valid for 7 days – visit the three attractions as many times as you like. Welcome to the north!